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Individual health complaints: backache

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Health complaints: backache, while explored individually here, is part of the broader ‘Multiple health complaints’ measure. Exploring the incidence of backache in adolescents sheds light on potential physical stresses related to aspects like carrying heavy school bags, maintaining improper postures, or participating in strenuous physical activities. Recognizing the prevalence and understanding the contexts of backaches can steer the development of interventions aiming at ergonomic education and promoting practices that safeguard physical well-being during growth spurts and critical developmental phases.


Cite this data

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (2023), Data browser (findings from the 2021/22 international HBSC survey): https://data-browser.hbsc.org.

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Mental health

Bullying & violence


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Substance abuse

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Physical activity

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Eating behaviours

Obesity and body image


Sexual health

Sexual health

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Social Media

School experience

School experience

Family and peer relations

Family support

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